A ‘certificate of non-prohibition to marriage’ (CNPM) is a legal document which must be produced by a Belgian spouse-to-be who wishes to marry abroad.
This document confirms that the person is single, of legal age and is able to marry. It can be issued by the municipal authorities or a Belgian diplomatic office.
For the Belgium state, the ‘certificate of non-prohibition to marriage’ is an additional way to fight against sham marriages and a measure of control whether the intentions of the parties wishing to marry are true and legitimate. The Consular Code dated 21st December 2013 provides that a certificate is only delivered after an investigation by the diplomatic office and, in case of doubt, after an additional investigation by the Crown Prosecutor. The procedure is strictly organised by deadlines, information obligations and motivation obligations.
In case of refusal to deliver a certificate an appeal is possible.
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